Vedral, Vlatko Department of Atomic and Laser Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:March 2019
Show previous versions
- Fundamental tenets of quantum mechanics
- Uncertainty principle
- Wave-particle duality
- Disagreement with classical physics
- Nonrelativistic and relativistic quantum mechanics
- Incompatibility with general relativity
- Applications of quantum mechanics
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The highly successful theory describing the behavior of subatomic particles and atoms. Developed to explain experiments in the second half of the nineteenth century and firmly established by the early twentieth, quantum mechanics precisely describes nature on its smallest scales and energy levels (Fig. 1). Through quantum field theory, quantum mechanics explains the interactions of matter and energy according to three of nature’s four fundamental forces: electromagnetism, the weak nuclear force, and the strong nuclear force, with the exception of gravity. The standard model of particle physics, a framework for these three natural forces and their particle carriers, has accordingly been constructed using the equations and insights of quantum mechanics. See also: Atom; Atomic nucleus; Atomic physics; Electromagnetism; Energy; Gravity; Matter (physics); Physics; Quantum (physics); Quantum chromodynamics; Quantum electrodynamics; Quantum field theory; Quantum theory of matter; Standard model; Strong nuclear interactions; Weak nuclear interactions
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information