Quigg, Chris Theoretical Physics Department, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois.
- Gauge theories
- Asymptotic freedom
- Experimental consequences
- Lattice models
- Quark-gluon plasma
- Grand unification
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A theory of the strong (nuclear) interactions among quarks, which are regarded as fundamental constituents of matter, structureless and indivisible at the current resolution of about 10−18 m. Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) explains why quarks combine in certain configurations to form the observed patterns of subnuclear particles, such as the proton and pi meson. According to this picture, the strong interactions among quarks are mediated by a set of force particles known as gluons. Quantum chromodynamics successfully accounts for many features of high-energy hard scattering of the strongly interacting particles. Interactions among gluons may lead to new structures that correspond to as-yet-undiscovered particles. The long-studied nuclear force that binds protons and neutrons together in atomic nuclei is regarded as a collective effect of the elementary interactions among constituents of the composite protons and neutrons. See also: Nuclear structure
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information