Qualitative chemical analysis
Lambert, Jack L. Department of Chemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
Siggia, Sidney Formerly, Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
Longmoore, Kenneth Formerly, Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:January 2018
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- Inorganic analysis
- Visual tests
- Instrumental methods
- Organic analysis
- Chemical structure
- Physical structure
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The branch of chemistry concerned with identifying the elements and compounds present in a sample of matter. Inorganic qualitative analysis, for example, traditionally used classical “wet” methods to detect elements or groups of chemically similar elements, but instrumental methods have largely replaced these test-tube methods (see illustration). Once it is known which elements and compounds are present, the role of quantitative analysis is to determine the composition of the sample. See also: Analytical chemistry; Quantitative chemical analysis
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