Qualitative chemical analysis
Lambert, Jack L. Department of Chemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
Last reviewed:June 2020
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- Inorganic analysis
- Visual tests
- Instrumental methods
- Organic analysis
- Chemical structure
- Physical structure
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The branch of chemistry concerned with identifying the elements and compounds present in a sample of matter. Inorganic qualitative analysis, for example, traditionally used classical “wet” methods to detect elements or groups of chemically similar elements, but instrumental methods have largely replaced these test-tube methods (see illustration). Once it is known which elements and compounds are present, the role of quantitative analysis is to determine the composition of the sample. See also: Analytical chemistry; Quantitative chemical analysis
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