May, Bella J. Department of Physical Therapy, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia.
Rostoker, W. Formerly, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois.
Last reviewed:June 2019
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- Limb prosthetics
- Knee mechanisms
- Terminal device
- Other components
- Joint replacements
- Other prostheses
- Biologic-prosthetic systems
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
An artificial body part. It may be an internal replacement such as an artificial joint or an external replacement such as an artificial limb (Fig. 1). A prosthesis may be individually manufactured for each client, such as a limb prosthesis, or may be manufactured in large numbers but in different sizes, such as artificial hip joints. Prostheses of all types are lighter and more functional than their predecessors; the broad field of prosthetics has benefited from advances in materials, miniaturization, and computer-generated fabrication.
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