Zelkowitz, Marvin V. Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.
Last reviewed:July 2018
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- Evolution of programming languages
- Machine language
- Assembly language
- High-level language
- Early high-level languages
- Later high-level languages
- Structure of programming languages
- Data declarations
- Data operations
- Execution sequence
- Programming paradigms
- Imperative programs
- Applicative programs
- Declarative programs
- Programming language models
- Visual Basic
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The different notations used to communicate instructions to a computer. A computer executes a sequence of instructions (a program) in order to perform some task. The set of instructions and the order in which they have to be performed is known as an algorithm. The result of expressing the algorithm in a programming language is called a program (Fig. 1). The process of writing the algorithm using a programming language is called programming, and the person doing this is the programmer. See also: Algorithm
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