Johannsen, Ing Gunnar Laboratory for Systems Engineering and Human-Machine Systems, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- From Conventional to Integrated Intelligent Control
- Basic Functions
- Mode setting
- Mode correction and quality control
- Regulatory control
- Sequence control
- Coping with off-normals and faults
- Advanced Technologies
- Expert systems
- Fuzzy process control
- Artificial neural networks
- Process Control Components
- Sensor and actuator systems
- Distributed control systems
- Information systems
- Human-Machine Interaction
- Plant-Wide Control and Communication
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A field of engineering dealing with ways and means by which conditions of processes are brought to and maintained at desired values, and undesirable conditions are avoided as much as possible. In general, a process is understood to mean any system where material and energy streams are made to interact and to transform each other. Examples are the generation of steam in a boiler; the separation of crude oil by fractional distillation into gas, gasoline, kerosene, gas-oil, and residue; the sintering of iron ore particles into pellets; the polymerization of propylene molecules for the manufacture of polypropylene; the incineration of waste; and the roasting of green coffee beans.
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