Reid, Gregor Lawson Health Research Institute, Ontario, Canada.
- Mechanisms of probiotic action
- Evaluating probiotics for human use
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Probiotics are defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations as “live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host.” The premise of probiotics is that healthy humans (and animals) harbor a large and diverse array of microorganisms, and at times the commensal microbial population needs replenishment, perhaps due to food sterilization or the use of antimicrobials in medications or as preservatives and livestock feed. Such propagation of selected species of the body's microbial content (typically, bacteria of the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidiobacterium) is often directed at preventing or even treating disease or illness. The belief is that by administering bacteria that are naturally found in a niche (such as the mouth, throat, gastrointestinal tract, vagina, urethra, and skin), the host will be better able to restore and maintain good health.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information