Predatory feline genes
Wultsch, Claudia Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York.
- Whole-genome sequencing and big-cat adaptations
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A predator is an organism that captures and feeds on prey organisms for food. Felids are hypercarnivorous predators, primarily consuming the meat of vertebrate species. (Note that animals whose diets consist of more than 70% meat are termed hypercarnivores.) Most felids are terrestrial ambush predators. A few felids pursue prey by chasing it down [for example, the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus; Figs. 1 and 2)], whereas others catch it by fishing [such as the fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) and the flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps)]. In addition, some felids are arboreal (tree-living) specialists [for example, the margay (Leopardus wiedii) and the clouded leopard (Neofelis species)]. In terms of morphology and physiology, felids have become perhaps the most specialized predators of all carnivores, being able to take down prey animals that are several times their own size. They have powerful and fast-acting bodies adapted for hunting and killing prey, sharp claws used for handling prey, carnassial teeth adapted for cutting flesh, cryptically colored coats, unparalleled vision and hearing abilities adapted for prey detection, and a specialized digestive system that efficiently processes a high-protein diet.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information