Ernst, Ralph A. Avian Sciences, University of California, Davis, California.
Last reviewed:June 2019
Show previous versions
- Brooding, rearing, and feeding
- Production systems
- Health maintenance
- Processing and marketing
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The science of breeding, raising, and marketing of domesticated fowl grown for their meat and eggs. Poultry production is one of the most important agricultural enterprises involving animals. The predominant types of poultry are domestic chickens (Fig. 1), turkeys (Fig. 2), and quails (all three belonging to the order Galliformes), and domestic ducks and geese (both belonging to the order Anseriformes). Poultry production comprises two major categories: meat production and egg production. Most poultry produced in North America is grown under close control on highly specialized farms. The evolution from small flocks to large commercial units after World War II was facilitated by rapid advances in the knowledge of nutrition, breeding, housing, disease control, and processing of poultry and eggs, and by improvements in transportation and refrigeration that made possible distant marketing of fresh products. See also: Agricultural science (animal); Anseriformes; Domestication (anthropology); Galliformes
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information