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Harley, John P. Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University, New York, New York.
- Historical highlights
- The virus
- Primary infection and disease
- Vaccine development
- Additional Reading
Poliomyelitis (from the Greek polios, meaning gray, and myelos, meaning marrow or spinal cord), polio, or infantile paralysis (because it often affects small children) is caused by the poliovirus and was first described in England in the 1800s as a “leg-wasting” disease of children. Throughout history, no civilization or culture has escaped the devastation of polio.
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