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Plumes and banded iron formations
Isley, Ann E. Department of Physical Sciences, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania, Kutztown, Pennsylvania.
Abbott, Dallas H. Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.
- Algoma-type sequences
- Superior-type sequences
- Source of iron for banded iron formation
- Banded iron formation linked to mantle plume magmatism
- Archean and Paleoproterozoic mantle superplumes
- Impacts, LIP production, and banded iron formation
- Additional Reading
Banded iron formation (BIF) is a chemical sedimentary rock containing >15 wt% iron (Fe). Most commonly, Fe-rich layers alternate with chert, although they may also be interbedded with layers made up of carbonate or silicate minerals, or sulphidic shale. As the major source of iron ore, BIF is of crucial economic importance. Sedimentologic and geochemical investigations of BIF continue to yield significant insights into the chemistry of the Precambrian atmosphere-hydrosphere system and the evolution of life.
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