Plants of saline environments
Roy, Stuart J. Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics, Adelaide, South Australia.
Tester, Mark Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics, Adelaide, South Australia.
Gaxiola, Roberto A. Department of Plant Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.
Flowers, T. J. School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Sussex, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:March 2018
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- Saline environments
- Molecular approaches to engineer salt-tolerant glycophytes
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Plants that grow well in soils having a high salt content, referred to as halophytic plants. Plants of saline environments (halophytes) constitute approximately 1% of the world's flora and have evolved to flourish in locations where the soil salt concentration [notably, sodium chloride (NaCl)] is 200 mol m−3 or greater (Fig. 1). The majority of plant species are unable to tolerate these saline conditions and are called glycophytes. See also: Plant; Plant evolution; Plant physiology; Salt (chemistry); Soil
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