Plant vulnerability to climate change
Berry, Pam M. Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:March 2019
Show previous versions
- Direct impacts of climate change
- Dispersal ability
- Timing and interactions
- Indirect impacts of climate change
- Other impacts on vulnerability
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The extent to which a plant, or plant ecosystem, is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, the adverse effects of climate change. Plants are constantly changing their ecophysiology and distributions over different timescales as they respond to changes and fluctuations in their environment. There is increasing evidence that current climate change is already affecting some species through the earlier timing of spring events and the poleward and upward shift of plant ranges (Fig. 1). With global temperatures likely to increase (depending on greenhouse gas emissions) by 1.1–6.4°C (2–11.5°F) by the year 2100 (relative to the year 2000), and with precipitation very likely to increase in high latitudes, but likely to decrease in most subtropical regions, it is important to assess the implications of such changes and to identify which plants and ecosystems might be particularly vulnerable. In many cases, plants will suffer detrimental effects as a result of climate change on both regional and global levels. See also: Ecology; Ecosystem; Environment; Global climate change; Plant; Plant geography
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information