Russell, Scott D. Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.
Last reviewed:April 2020
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- Vegetative reproduction
- Asexual reproduction
- Sexual reproduction
- Floral induction
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The formation of a new plant that is either an exact copy or recombination of the genetic makeup of its parents. There are three main types of plant reproduction: (1) vegetative reproduction, in which a vegetative organ forms a clone of the parent; (2) asexual reproduction, in which reproductive components undergo a nonsexual form of production of offspring without genetic rearrangement, also known as apomixis; and (3) sexual reproduction (Fig. 1), in which meiosis (reduction division) leads to formation of male and female gametes that combine through syngamy (union of gametes) to produce offspring. See also: Plant; Plant physiology
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