Russell, Scott D. Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.
- Vegetative reproduction
- Asexual reproduction
- Sexual reproduction
- Floral induction
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The formation of a new plant that is either an exact copy or recombination of the genetic makeup of its parents. There are three types of plant reproduction considered here: (1) vegetative reproduction, in which a vegetative organ forms a clone of the parent; (2) asexual reproduction, in which reproductive components undergo a nonsexual form of production of offspring without genetic rearrangement, also known as apomixis; and (3) sexual reproduction, in which meiosis (reduction division) leads to formation of male and female gametes that combine through syngamy (union of gametes) to produce offspring. See also: Plant; Plant physiology
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