Carew, H. John Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
- Additional Readings
A type of pepper, Capsicum annuum, grown for its thick, sweet-fleshed red fruit. The pimento (see illustration) is a member of the plant order Solanales (formerly assigned to Polemoniales) and is of American origin. The pimento gets its name from the Spanish word “pimiento,” which designates all sweet peppers. In the United States, however, the term pimento generally refers to the heart-shaped varieties (cultivars) grown for canning and used for stuffing olives and flavoring foods. Perfection is a popular variety. Harvesting begins when the fruits are fully red, usually 2.5 to 3 months after planting. California, Georgia, and other southeastern regions in the United States are important areas for pimento production. See also: Olive; Pepper; Solanales; Spice and flavoring
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