Mazzo, Anthony Urban Substructures, Inc., East Elmhurst, New York.
Last reviewed:December 2019
- Installation of piles
- Determining pile capacity
- Development of pile capacity
- Types of piles
- Timber piles
- Concrete piles
- Steel piles
- Steel-sheet piling
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A special type of foundation that enables a structure to be supported by a layer of soil found at any depth below the ground surface. A pile foundation comprises two basic structural elements, the pile and the pile cap. A pile cap is a structural base, similar to a spread footing, that supports a structural column, wall, or slab, except that it bears on a single pile or group of piles. A pile can be described as a structural stilt hammered into the ground. Each pile carries a portion of the pile cap load and transfers it to the soil in the vicinity of the pile tip, located at the bottom of the pile (Fig. 1).
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