DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Phthalates in western Aleutian Island seabirds
Causey, Douglas Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska.
Padula, Veronica Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska.
- Materials and methods
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Plastic polymers have transformed the way we live since they were invented almost a century ago. They are used in many consumer products because they are lightweight, durable, inexpensive, and good insulating materials. Plastics are difficult to eliminate from the environment because their chemical bonds are resilient and impervious to natural biodegradation; instead, most plastics only break down to smaller and smaller pieces (microplastics). Plastic waste has polluted the Earth's surface and represents a significant source of persistent, bioaccumulating, and toxic substances. Today, plastic fragments are found in all terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems, extending from the Arctic to Antarctica. A recent study by J. R. Jambeck and coworkers estimated that 275 million metric tons (MT) of plastic waste are generated per year, with 4.8 to 12.7 million MT entering the ocean. Plastic pollution is particularly an issue in the North Pacific Ocean, where gyral currents concentrate plastic into the notorious “Garbage Patch.” See also: Persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic pollutants; Ocean; Ocean circulation; Pacific Ocean; Polymer
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information