Photonic integrated circuits
Kojima, Keisuke Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- InP-based PICs
- Silicon photonics–based PICs
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Monolithically integrated circuits that include active or passive optical components or both. Traditionally, optical components, such as lasers, modulators, and photodetectors, were mounted separately in hermetically sealed packages, and lenses in these packages or optical fibers between these packages connected them together to perform higher functionalities. Photonic integrated circuits (PICs) solve these interconnection problems by monolithically integrating these elements, enabling higher functionality, higher performance, smaller size, lower cost, and higher stability and reliability. See also: Integrated optics; Lens (optics); Optical fiber
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