Klemens, Paul G. Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.
- Phonon-electron interactions
- Other phonon interactions
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A quantum of vibrational energy in a solid or other elastic medium. This vibrational energy can be transported by elastic waves. The energy content of each wave is quantized. For a wave of frequency f, the energy is (N + ½)hf, where N is an integer and h is Planck's constant. Apart from the zero-point energy, ½hf, there are N quanta of energy hf. In elastic or lattice waves, these quanta are called phonons. Quantization of energy is not related to the discreteness of the lattice, and also applies to waves in a continuum. See also: Quantum mechanics; Wave motion
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