Savage, Donald E. Department of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Last reviewed:March 2016
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An order of mammals comprising the living pangolins, or scaly anteaters, and their poorly known fossil predecessors. All living members of the order Pholidota, the pangolins, belong to the family Manidae and are assigned to the genera Manis (4 species; see illustration), Phataginus (2 species), and Smutsia (2 species). Members of the genera Phataginus and Smutsia are found in Africa, specifically south of the Sahara, and members of the genus Manis are found in southeastern Asia, including certain islands of the East Indies. Collectively, the pangolins are the most illegally traded mammal in the world, and they are considered highly endangered or vulnerable species. See also: Endangered species; Mammalia
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