Barer, Robert Department of Human Biology and Anatomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
- Microscopy of transparent objects
- Simple theory
- Practical realization
- Image interpretation
- Biological applications
- Nonbiological applications
- Additional Readings
A microscope used for making visible differences in phase or optical path in transparent or reflecting specimens. It is an important instrument for studying living cells and is used in biological and medical research.
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