Barer, Robert Department of Human Biology and Anatomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Microscopy of transparent objects
- Simple theory
- Practical realization
- Image interpretation
- Biological applications
- Nonbiological applications
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A microscope used for making visible differences in phase or optical path in transparent or reflecting specimens. It is an important instrument for studying living cells and is used in biological and medical research.
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