Hogan, Robert Hogan Assessment Systems, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Last reviewed:March 2019
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- History of the field
- Basis for theories
- Differences among theories
- Classification of theories and core ideas
- Motivational theory
- Biological theories
- Psychological theories
- Personality development
- Classic view
- Moral development
- Effects of moralization
- Self concept
- Unconscious processes
- Emotional dynamics
- Classic psychodynamics
- Learning theory
- Sociocultural theory
- Biophysical model
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A branch of psychology concerned with developing a scientifically defensible conception of human nature—in modern parlance, a general theory of behavior. A personality theory is a set of assumptions and expectations about oneself and other people that guides one's perceptions of, and actions with regard to, oneself and others. Six topic areas—motivation, personality development, moral development, the self concept, the unconscious, and emotional dynamics—form the substance of this field. All personality theories treat some of these six topics and differ largely in terms of how they handle them. Taken together, the various personality theories reflect the best modern judgment regarding the essence of human nature. Personality psychology is another term used for personality theory, and this highlights the study of human behavior and the mind (brain) with regard to personality (see illustration). See also: Brain; Perception; Psychology
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