Boschung, Herbert T. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Last reviewed:August 2019
- Adaptive radiation
- Suborder Percoidei
- Suborder Elassomatoidei (pygmy sunfishes)
- Suborder Labroidei
- Suborder Zoarcoidei
- Suborder Notothenioidei
- Suborder Trachinoidei
- Suborder Pholidichthyoidei
- Suborder Blennioidei
- Suborder Icosteoidei (ragfishes)
- Suborder Gobiesocoidei (Xenopterygii)
- Suborder Callionymoidei
- Suborder Gobioidei
- Suborder Kurtoidei
- Suborder Acanthuroidei
- Suborder Scombrolabracoidei (longfin escolars)
- Suborder Scombroidei
- Suborder Stromateoidei
- Suborder Anabantoidei
- Suborder Channoidei
- Suborder Caproidei
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The largest order of fishes, comprising 20 suborders, 160 families, about 1540 genera, and over 10,000 species, which is about 36% of all fish species. Eighty percent of the perciforms are marine species; in contrast, the Ostariophysi, which comprise the next three largest orders (Cypriniformes, ∼3300 species; Characiformes, ∼1700 species; and Siluriformes, ∼2900 species), are virtually all freshwater inhabitants. The ostariophysans are dominant in the freshwaters of the world; the perciforms are dominant in the oceans. See also: Ostariophysi; Osteichthyes
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