Barclay, Harriet G. Department of Life Sciences, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Last reviewed:July 2015
- Geographic and altitudinal zones
- Species composition
- Climate and soil factors
- Plant forms
- Fauna and human habitation
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A biological community, essentially a grassland, covering extensive high areas in the equatorial mountains of the Western Hemisphere; also spelled páramo. Paramos (Fig. 1) occur in alpine (high-altitude) regions above the timberline and are controlled by a complex of climatic and soil factors peculiar to mountains near the Equator. The richly diverse flora and the fauna of the paramos are adapted to severely cold, mostly wet conditions. Humans have found some paramos suitable for living and use. Because paramos were defined originally in Spanish-speaking countries, no English equivalent has been given to the term. See also: Ecological communities; Ecosystem; Grassland ecosystem
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information