Abrahams, Elihu Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California.
Keffer, Frederic Department of Physics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Last reviewed:August 2019
- Paramagnetic substances
- Electronic paramagnetism
- Nuclear paramagnetism
- Langevin theory
- Quantum theory
- Rare-earth ions
- Van Vleck paramagnetism
- Iron-group ions
- Pauli paramagnetism
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A property exhibited by substances which, when placed in a magnetic field, are magnetized parallel to the field to an extent proportional to the field (except at very low temperatures or in extremely large magnetic fields). Paramagnetic materials always have permeabilities greater than 1, but the values are in general not nearly so great as those of ferromagnetic materials. Paramagnetism is of two types, electronic and nuclear.
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