Melnick, Joseph L. Department of Virology and Epidemiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Reichmann, M. E. Formerly, Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois.
- Type 1
- Type 2
- Type 3
- Type 4
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A member of the genus Paramyxovirus of the family Paramyxoviridae which is associated with a variety of respiratory illnesses. The virus particles range in size from 90 to 200 nanometers, agglutinate red blood cells, and (like the influenza viruses) contain a receptor-destroying enzyme. They differ from the influenza viruses in their large size, their possession of the larger ribonucleoprotein helix characteristic of the paramyxoviruses, their tendency to lyse as well as agglutinate erythrocytes, and their generally poor growth in eggs. In culture these viruses grow well in primary monkey or human epithelial cells; although they produce little cytopathic effect in the culture cells, they are easily recognized by the hemadsorption method. They are relatively unstable upon storage, even at freezing temperatures. Laboratory diagnosis may be made by hemagglutination-inhibition, complement fixation, and neutralization tests of the patient's blood. See also: Complement-fixation test; Embryonated egg culture; Paramyxovirus; Tissue culture
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information