Osborn, Jeffrey M. Division of Science, Northeast Missouri State University, Kirksville, Missouri.
Last reviewed:January 2021
- Pollen Grains and Spores: An Overview
- Taxonomy, genetics, and evolution
- Development, functional morphology, and pollination
- Past vegetation and climate reconstruction
- Geochronology and biostratigraphy
- Petroleum and natural gas exploration
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The study of pollen grains and spores, both extant and extinct, as well as other organic microfossils. Although the origin of the discipline dates back to the seventeenth century, when modern pollen was first examined microscopically, the term palynology was not coined until 1944.
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