Oxide and hydroxide minerals
Sherman, David M. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:December 2019
- Bonding and crystal chemistry
- Survey of minerals
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Mineral phases containing only oxide or hydroxide anions in their structures. By volume, oxide and hydroxide minerals comprise only a small fraction of the Earth's crust. However, their geochemical and petrologic importance cannot be overstated. Oxide and hydroxide minerals are important ores of metals such as iron, aluminum, titanium, uranium and manganese. Oxide and hydroxide minerals occur in all geological environments. Some form as primary minerals in igneous rocks, while others form as secondary phases during the weathering and alteration of silicate and sulfide minerals. Some oxide and hydroxide minerals are biogenic; for example, iron(III) and manganese(IV) hydroxides and oxides often result from bacterial oxidation of dissolved Fe2+ and Mn2+ in low-temperature aqueous solutions. See also: Hydroxide; Mineral; Ore and mineral deposits; Oxide; Silicate minerals; Weathering processes
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information