Tait, David L. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.
Last reviewed:August 2019
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- Physical findings
- Benign disorders
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Malignant disorders
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A variety of neoplastic and nonneoplastic disorders that occur in the ovary. Ovarian disorders are diseases or conditions that primarily affect the ovaries, which make up part of the reproductive system of all female vertebrates. In particular, ovarian neoplasms (tumors) are of greater diversity in histologic appearance and biologic behavior than for any other organ. The nonneoplastic disorders include physiologic cysts, pregnancy luteomas, and polycystic ovarian disease (Stein-Leventhal syndrome) [Fig. 1]. The ovary also can be a site of metastasis from malignant tumors originating in the genital tract, breast, and gastrointestinal tract. See also: Cancer; Oncology; Ovary; Reproductive system; Reproductive system disorders; Tumor
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