Origins of agriculture
Simmons, Alan H. Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada.
- Cultural periods
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
One of humankind's most significant accomplishments was the transition from hunting and gathering to food production and the establishment of permanent settlements, commonly known as the Neolithic Revolution. Occurring independently in several parts of the Old and New Worlds, it is oldest and best documented in the Near East (Fig. 1), beginning about 10,000 years ago and ultimately spreading to Europe and elsewhere. The Near East region (also known as the Middle East in contemporary times) is vast and includes the modern countries of Israel, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. Although different classifications are applied to the Near Eastern Neolithic, one that has prevailed is a division into three Pre-Pottery Neolithic phases (PPNA, PPNB, and PPNC) as well as a later Pottery Neolithic. In addition, an earlier period, the Natufian (and variants), set the foundations for subsequent developments (see table).
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information