Moore, James Alexander Formerly, Department of Chemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
Last reviewed:July 2018
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- Functional groups
- Acyclic compounds
- Carbocyclic compounds
- Heterocyclic compounds
- Naturally occurring compounds
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon-containing compounds. The term organic was originally applied to naturally occurring (plant and animal) compounds but was expanded to include synthetic compounds. In addition to carbon, organic compounds contain hydrogen and may contain nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, phosphorus, silicon, and sulfur (Fig. 1). Organic compounds are present in most aspects of everyday life, including food, materials (plastics and paints), medicine, and personal-care products, to name a few. See also: Carbon
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