Optical properties of deep-earth minerals
Goncharov, Alexander Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC.
Jacobsen, Steven D. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Struzhkin, Viktor Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC.
Beck, Pierre. Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC.
- Structure and composition of low-mantle minerals
- Role of iron in minerals
- Optical properties of minerals at high pressure and temperature
- Radiative thermal conductivity of the deep mantle
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Earth's lower mantle contains vast amounts of rock, extending from just beneath the 660-km seismic discontinuity, all the way to the core-mantle boundary at 2900 km depth. Lower-mantle materials are essentially semiconductors, insulating enough to promote convective heat transfer from the core, but heat conduction is gaining recognition as an important control on geodynamic processes of the mantle at high pressure and temperature conditions. The optical properties of minerals, determined by light absorption experiments, provide information on the radiative component thermal conductivity (κrad). The radiative component heat transfer is generally dependent on temperature, pressure, and the electronic structure of iron doping.
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