Adams, Raymond D. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:April 2019
Show previous versions
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Any drug naturally derived from opium, the dried juice of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) seed pods. In its raw state, opium is an opaque, milky sap that concentrates its active ingredients in the pod (capsule). The pharmacologically active substances, which constitute approximately 25% of the extract, are the alkaloids known as morphine, codeine, and papaverine. (Note that heroin is a compound synthesized from morphine.) Synthetic and semisynthetic compounds, such as fentanyl and oxycodone, which resemble morphine in their action, are called opioids. See also: Fentanyl is the leading cause of drug overdose deaths; Heroin: an addictive drug; Pharmacology; Poppy
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information