Montgomery, Rex Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
- Biological functions
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A carbohydrate composed of a relatively small number (typically 3–20) of monosaccharides linked to each other by glycosidic bonds. Relatively few oligosaccharides are free in nature, such as the trisaccharide raffinose and the tetrasaccharide stachyose. Instead, the large majority of oligosaccharides are attached either to proteins (glycoproteins) or to lipids (glycolipids). The glycoproteins and glycolipids are important components of the cells of living tissues: They are involved in cell-cell communication, they are contained in cell membrane receptors for regulatory factors such as hormones and growth factors, and they are essential for normal development of the organism. See also: Carbohydrate; Cell membranes; Glycoprotein; Glycoside; Lipid; Protein
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information