Offshore wind power
Styczynski, Zbigniew A. Institute of Power Systems, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.
Rudion, Krzysztof Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.
El-Hawary, Mohamed Faculty of Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Last reviewed:May 2019
Show previous versions
- Technological issues
- Electrical system infrastructure
- Grid interconnection and power capture
- Environmental issues
- Impacts on birds
- Impacts on marine mammals and fish
- Aesthetics, economics, and other concerns
- Support structure technologies
- Protection measures for offshore wind turbines
- Future trends
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The generation of energy from wind turbines placed in marine environments, typically in the ocean on continental shelves. Generally, offshore wind turbines are installed in groups referred to as wind farms (Fig. 1). Offshore wind farms can be located either close to a shoreline, which is more effective with respect to maintenance and interconnection, or far out at sea, where wind conditions are better and energy yields can therefore be higher. Thus, the corresponding number of full-load hours (FLH), defined as the ratio of annual energy yield divided by the nominal power of the wind turbine, reaches up to 4500 FLH at far-offshore locations, while in the onshore regions it lies in the range of about 1600–2500 FLH. See also: Coastal engineering; Continental margin; Ocean; Turbine; Wind; Wind power
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information