McGinnies, William G. The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
- River valleys
- Desert gardens
- Water-collection systems
- Climate and soil
- Economics and agricultural practices
- Natural vegetation
- Geographic distribution
- Additional Reading
An isolated fertile area, usually limited in extent and surrounded by desert. The term was initially applied to small areas in Africa and Asia typically supporting trees and cultivated crops with a water supply from springs and from seepage of water originating at some distance. However, the term has been expanded to include areas receiving moisture from intermittent streams or artificial irrigation systems. Thus the floodplains of the Nile and Colorado rivers can be considered vast oases, as can arid areas irrigated by humans. See also: Desert
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