Scheid, Werner Institut für Theoretische Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, Germany.
Last reviewed:March 2017
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- Light nuclear molecules in heavy-ion scattering
- Observed resonance behavior
- The potential, the molecular states, and the molecular window
- Double-resonance and band-crossing models
- Dinuclear system model
- Fusion of two nuclei to a superheavy nucleus
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An exotic nuclear configuration that can be classified as a special cluster configuration. Clusters are conglomerates of nucleons, such as alpha particles or carbon-12 (12C) nuclei. Nuclear molecules consist of nuclei (clusters) that touch each other at their surfaces and keep their individuality. In the shell model, a nuclear molecule is described as being built by two (or more) nuclei with two kinds of nucleons; most nucleons belong to the individual nuclei, but a small number of outer nucleons binds the system in a molecule, quite analogously to the outer electrons in a chemical molecule (Fig. 1). See also: Alpha particles; Atomic nucleus; Molecular structure and spectra; Nuclear shell model and magic numbers
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