Pierce, Marcia M. Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, Kentucky.
Last reviewed:August 2018
- Common nosocomial pathogens
- Current state of nosocomial diseases
- Legislative control and decrease in nosocomial disease
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A disease or infection acquired in a hospital or other health-care facility. Nosocomial diseases are pathological disorders that occur in patients during the course of a hospital stay. They also can occur in other health-care facilities, such as a clinic in which a patient becomes exposed to an infectious agent. Therefore, nosocomial diseases are often known as health-care-associated infections (HAIs). The process of transfer of pathogens (Fig. 1) to susceptible patients can occur through accidental contamination from a health-care worker, a contaminated environment, or some other source. See also: Disease; Hospital infections; Infection; Opportunistic infections; Pathogen
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