Selby, Michael J. Department of Earth Science, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
Last reviewed:December 2019
- Rivers and lakes
- Flora and fauna
- Natural resources and the economy
- Natural hazards
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A landmass situated in the Southern Hemisphere, bounded by the South Pacific Ocean to the north, east and south and the Tasman Sea to the west, with a total land area of 103,883 mi2 (269,057 km2). The exposed landmass represents about one-quarter of a subcontinent, with three-quarters submerged. This long, narrow, mountainous country, oriented northeast to southwest, consists of two main islands, surrounded by a much greater area of crust submerged to depths reaching 1.2 mi (2 km) [Fig. 1].
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