Scheltema, Amélie H. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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A subclass of creeping, vermiform mollusks, also called Solenogastres, in the class Aplacophora. They are covered by a sclerotome of innumerable calcium carbonate scales or spicules and are recognized by the presence of a ventral groove within which lies a narrow foot and by the absence of an oral shield (see illustration). Neomenioids range in size from less than 0.08 to 12 in. (2 to 300 mm) and are found from subtidal areas to the abyss, at depths over 16,000 ft (5000 m). There are 27 families with 77 genera and 250 species worldwide.
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