Trinkaus, Erik Department of Anthropology, Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri.
Last reviewed:September 2016
Show previous versions
- Description and behavior
- Relation to modern humans
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A group of late archaic humans (Homo neanderthalensis) from Europe, southwest Asia, and central Asia that immediately preceded the first modern humans in those regions. The closest evolutionary relatives of modern humans are the Neandertals (also spelled Neanderthals). Most researchers place these archaic humans in their own species, Homo neanderthalensis (Fig. 1), emphasizing the differences between them and modern humans. Still, some investigators place them within the species Homo sapiens, recognizing their close affinities to modern humans. The Neandertals have been estimated by radiocarbon dating (a method of obtaining age estimates on organic materials) to have lived from approximately 300,000 to 35,000–30,000 years ago. See also: Anthropology; Early modern humans; Neandertal DNA; Neandertal genome; Neanderthal extinction
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information