Natural language processing
Mata-Toledo, Ramon A. Department of Computer Science, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Communicating with an NLP system
- General aspects of the translation process of English sentences
- NLP tools and techniques
- The World Wide Web and applications of NLP
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The term natural language processing (NLP) can be subdivided into two terms: natural language, and the processing of this language. The term “natural language” refers to any language spoken by humans, such as English, Spanish, or French. The “processing” part of NLP refers to a computer system that, after accepting as input sentences articulated in a natural language, analyzes the sentences, usually within a context, and shows “understanding” of these sentences by performing some action. The actions performed by the computer may be as simple as producing a report or as complex as providing a medical diagnosis, maintaining a dialog with a user, or answering questions of diverse nature.
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