Schüßler, Arthur Department of Biology, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
- Mycorrhizal dependency
- Mycorrhizal types
- Inorganic nutrient uptake, transport, and exchange
- Carbon transport from plant to fungus
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Bipartite, intimate, and mutualistic symbioses that are formed by soil-inhabiting fungi and most terrestrial plants (Embryophyta). Mycorrhizae (mycorrhizas) can be formed by different groups of fungi with roots, rhizomes (underground horizontal shoots), or thalli (plant bodies that are not differentiated into shoots, leaves, and roots) of terrestrial plants. They are characterized by a plant–fungus interface, where intense bidirectional nutrient exchange takes place. More than 90% of land plants benefit from this mutualistic relationship, indicating its outstanding impact for the great majority of terrestrial ecosystems. See also: Ecosystem; Fungal ecology; Fungi; Mutualism; Plant; Soil; Soil ecology
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