Gusse, Adam C. Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, Wisconsin.
Volk, Thomas J. Department of Biology, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, Wisconsin.
- Additional Reading
The utilization of fungi to rehabilitate stressed or contaminated environments. Mycorestoration encompasses a number of processes, including mycoremediation, mycoforestry, mycofiltration, mycopesticides, and mycoagriculture (see table). Much like our own immune systems, ecosystems become strained by excessive pollutants (natural or anthropogenic); high populations of infectious bacteria, viruses, or protozoa; and the stripping away of needed habitat. Fungi shoulder a vital responsibility in managing these stresses through sustaining a robust soil foundation, increasing primary productivity, managing infectious outbreaks, and recycling every compound that the world can create. Unfortunately, human beings have acted as viruses to Earth's immune system through massive deforestation, resource harvesting, industrial production, and incredible population growth. Our previous view of an endlessly endowing world that is forever supporting our infinitely growing economy, as well as digesting all the waste, is fortunately beginning to change. With that change in perspective, we are recognizing nature's allies in ecorestoration, with the fungi being our cavalry in this battle.
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