Freundt, E. A. Institute for Medical Microbiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
- Morphology and reproduction
- Metabolism and biochemistry
- Habitat and pathogenicity
- Mycoplasmalike organisms
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The smallest prokaryotic microorganisms that are able to grow on cell-free artificial media. The genome size of mycoplasmas is among the smallest recorded in prokaryotes, about 5 × 108 to 109 daltons. The mycoplasmas differ from almost all other prokaryotes in lacking a rigid cell wall and in their incapability to synthesize peptidoglycan, an essential component of the bacterial cell wall.
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