Lardizabal, Alfred A. Department of Medicine, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey.
Reichman, Lee B. Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Dentistry, Newark, New Jersey.
Lordi, George M. Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Dentistry, Newark, New Jersey.
Last reviewed:August 2020
- Pulmonary disease
- Bone and joint disease
- Skin and soft tissue infection
- Disseminated disease
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Diseases caused by mycobacteria, a diffuse group of acid-fast, rod-shaped bacteria in the genus Mycobacterium. Some mycobacteria are saprophytes (living on decaying organic matter), whereas others can cause disease in humans. The most important species that are pathogenic to humans are M. tuberculosis (the cause of tuberculosis), M. leprae (the cause of leprosy), and M. bovis; other species are known by several names, particularly the atypical mycobacteria or the nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). This article deals mainly with nontuberculous mycobacteria. See also: Bacteria; Leprosy; Medical bacteriology; Tuberculosis
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