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Cheung, Peter C. K. Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
- Mushroom life cycle
- Structure of mushroom sclerotia
- Sclerotia from edible and medicinal mushroom species
- Chemical composition of sclerotia
- Bioactive components in mushroom sclerotia
- Sclerotia as functional food ingredients
- Future perspectives
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Mushrooms are known for their nutritional values and for biopharmacological activities that are beneficial to human health. Traditionally, mushroom fruiting bodies (fleshy or woody aerial caps) have been used as sources of bioactive ingredients for dietary supplements or nutraceuticals. Currently, mushroom sclerotia (aggregated mycelia) are being investigated intensively in functional food research because of the unique profile of the bioactive components in the sclerotia. In particular, the cell wall polysaccharides (β-glucans) that are found abundantly in the mushroom sclerotia are the most potent components.
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