Gilardi, Gerald L. Microbiology Laboratory, North General Hospital, New York, New York.
- General characteristics
- Phenotypic relations
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A genus of bacteria that are parasites of mucous membranes. Subgenus Moraxella is characterized by gram-negative rods that are often very short and plump, frequently resembling a coccus, and usually occurring in pairs. Subgenus Branhamella has gram-negative cocci occurring as single cells or in pairs with the adjacent sides flattened. They are usually harmless parasites of humans and other warm-blooded animals and are generally considered not to be highly pathogenic. Most species may be opportunistic pathogens in predisposed or debilitated hosts.
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