Berggren, William A. Department of Geological Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey.
Last reviewed:April 2016
Show previous versions
- Tectonics and volcanism
- Ocean currents and climate
- Sea-level changes
- Terminal Miocene salinity crisis
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The fourth oldest of the five major worldwide divisions (epochs) of the Tertiary Period; also referred to as the first epoch of the Neogene. Named by by Charles Lyell in 1833, the Miocene represents the interval of time from the end of the Oligocene to the beginning of the Pliocene and the rocks (series) formed during this epoch (Fig. 1). The Miocene was originally considered as a biostratigraphic (rather than temporal) entity, to unite rocks containing 20–40% extant molluscan species. Lyell based his concept of the Miocene primarily on the shallow marine sediments and associated molluscan faunas in the Superga Hill of northern Italy (near Turin), as well as other Piedmont localities and outcrops in southwestern France (Aquitaine Basin), Touraine, and the Vienna Basin. See also: Pliocene; Oligocene; Tertiary
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information