Thompson, Tom Metrowerks, Hollis, New Hampshire.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Internal architecture
- Computational power
- RISC versus CISC
- Microprocessor families
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A device that integrates the functions of the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer onto one semiconductor chip or integrated circuit (IC). In essence, the microprocessor contains the core elements of a computer system, its computation and control engine. Only a power supply, memory, peripheral interface ICs, and peripherals (typically input/output and storage devices) need be added to build a complete computer system. See also: Computer peripheral devices
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